Warrior Support Team™ Definitions
—A Marine provides security during a patrol as part of a training exercise at the Kahuku Training Facility, Hawaii, September 20, 2016. (USMC image by Lance Corporal Jesus Sepulveda Torre).
The following is a list of definitions covering important terminology to know for the recovery and reintegration processe:.
Terms Pertaining to Casualties
The word "casualty" can be a very frightening term for families to hear, however, it is good to know that not all casualties are considered those who are Killed in Action. In fact, any servicemember who is lost to the organization by being killed, injured, missing, hospitalized or becoming ill is considered a "casualty."
Once a servicemember is recognized as a Casualty, the Casualty type is classified. There are two distinct types:
A casualty resulting from circumstances not directly attributable to hostile action or terrorist activity. Succumbing to the elements, self-inflicted wounds, and combat fatigue are all considered Non-Hostile Casualties.
A victim of terrorist activity or one who becomes a casualty "in action." "In action" means the casualty is a direct result of hostile action, sustained in combat or relating thereto, or sustained going to or returning from a combat mission provided the occurrence was directly related to hostile action. Persons killed or wounded mistakenly or accidentally by friendly fire directed at a hostile force are included.
Casualty Status is then used to classify a casualty for reporting purposes. There are four casualty statuses: deceased, DUSTWUN, Missing, and Ill and Injured. Only three pertain to the wounded or potentially wounded:
A transitory casualty status, applicable only to military personnel, that is used when the responsible commander suspects the member may be a casualty whose absence is involuntary, but does not feel sufficient evidence currently exists to make a definite determination of missing or deceased.
Missing: Servicemember is not at his or her duty location due to apparent involuntary reasons and whose location may or may not be known. Unauthorized Absences (UA), deserters, and dropped-from-rolls status are not included in this status.
A status for those out due to illness or injury
Casualty Category is used to specifically classify a casualty for reporting purposed based upon the casualty type and the casualty status. There are 17 categories: Beleaguered, Besieged, Captured, Deceased, Detained, Died of Wounds Received in Action (DWRIA), Duty Status Whereabouts Unknown (DUSTWUN), Interned, Incapacitating Illness or Injury (III), Killed in Action (KIA), Missing, Missing in Action, Not Seriously Ill or Injured (NSI), Return to Military Control, Seriously Ill or Injured (SI), Special Patient (SpecPat), and Very Seriously Ill or Injured (VSI).
A transitory casualty category, applicable only to military personnel, that is used when the responsible commander suspects the member may be a casualty whose absence is involuntary, but does not feel sufficient evidence currently exists to make a definite determination of missing or deceased.
A person whose illness or injury requires hospitalization, but medical authority does not classify as very seriously ill or injured or seriously ill or injured; the illness or injury makes the person physically or mentally unable to communicate with the next of kin.
A person whose injury or illness may or may not require hospitalization but not classified by a medical authority as very seriously injured (VSI), seriously injured (SI), or incapacitating illness or injury (III); the person is able communicate with the Next of Kin (NOK).
A person whose illness or injury is classified by medical authorities to be of such severity that there is cause for immediate concern, but there is no imminent danger to life.
A person whose illness or injury is not otherwise reportable but involves incurable or terminal disease, diagnosis of psychotic conditions requiring hospitalization, injuries such as loss of sight or limb, paralysis, or permanent and unsightly disfigurement of a portion of the body exposed to public view, or attempted suicide or suicidal gestures verified by medical authority.
A person whose injury/illness is classified by medical authorities to be of such severity that life is imminently endangered.
Injury incurred due to an external agent or cause. These injuries will usually be categorized as NSI, III, SI, or VSI.
Casualty Categories of interest as they could evolve into more injury related categories
A member of an organized element that has been surrounded by a hostile force preventing the escape of the organized element's members.
A member of an organized element that has been surrounded by a hostile force for the purpose of forcing the element to surrender
A person who is seized as the result of an action of an unfriendly military or paramilitary force.
A category of a hostile casualty; When a person is not present at his or her duty location due to apparent involuntary reasons and whose location is unknown.
Definitely known to have been taken into custody by a non-belligerent foreign power as a result of and for reasons arising out of any armed conflict in which the Armed Forces of the United States are engaged.
After Injury/Reintegration Terms
The term inability to carry out activities of daily living means the inability to independently perform at least two of the six following functions: (1) bathing, (2) continence, (3) dressing, (4) eating, (5) toileting, (6) transferring in or out of a bed or chair with or without eqipment.
Signed into law in 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act is a civil rights law that, in many cases, prohibits discrimination based on a disability.
A monthly compensation that is intended to replace some or all of one's retired pay that is withheld due to receipt of VA compensation.
Changes in mental functioning or behavior due to the challenges of combat and its aftermath; or changes in mental functioning or behavior due to the challenges of military operations other than combat.
The total percentage of disability for a member with more than one disability. This is not determined by adding percentages of disability for each condition.
A system or process of the U.S. government for evaluating the nature and extent of disabilities affecting members of the Armed Forces.
A board, generally comprising medical officers, that determines if a member meets medical retention standards for his/her service. The board may recommend a return to duty or send the member's case to a Physical Evaluation Board.
This provides permanent medical retirement for members unfit for active duty resulting from an illness or injury considered to be of a permanent nature.
includes service members on the Temporary Disability Retired List, Permanent Disability Retired List, Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, or the retired list.
This provides temporary medical retirement for members unfit for active duty resulting from an illness or injury considered to be of temporary nature.
is, except as otherwise defined, a person who served in the Regular or Reserve component of the Armed Forces and has been released or discharged.